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城市竞争力排名:东莞首次进入全国10强天津则跌出10强

来源:凤凰网

导读:原标题:中国城市竞争力排名发布:深圳居首天津跌出全国10强2019年6月24日,中国社科院(财经院)与经济日报社在北京共同发布“中国社会科学院(财经院)创新工程..

原标题:中国城市竞争力排名发布:深圳居首天津跌出全国10强

2019年6月24日,中国社科院(财经院)与经济日报社在北京共同发布“中国社会科学院(财经院)创新工程重大成果《中国城市竞争力报告no.17:住房,关系国与家》”(以下简称报告)。

报告显示,2018年综合经济竞争力指数十强依次是:深圳、香港、上海、广州、北京、苏州、南京、武汉、台北、东莞。与2017年相比,综合经济竞争力前3名没有发生变化,4到10名变化相对明显。具体来看,广州、北京的经济竞争力排名均上升1位,分别排在第4名和第5名,苏州、南京继续上升2位,依次排在第6名、第7名,东莞排在第10名,首次进入全国10强,天津则跌出10强。

从10强城市的区域分布来看,整体分布格局与2017年基本一致,中部仍然只有武汉维持在10强城市中,除此之外的其它十强城市多分布在长三角、珠三角、环渤海和港澳台地区,且绝大多数城市位于都市圈内,其中长三角都市连绵区、珠三角都市连绵区各占据十强中的3席,其经济竞争力整体领先优势突出。从总体变化来看,东莞、无锡上升3位,沈阳、大连大幅下跌,分别下降了20位和36位,并且南北分化加剧、中西部崛起、东北持续衰落。

研究发现,从城市经济发展看,中国处在迈向高收入国家的跨坎期。当前中国的转型正处在“一脚门里,一脚门外,重心在外”的状态,虽然少数城市跨入高收入的门槛,但是多数城市距离门槛遥远。城市转型的扩散是国家转型成功的途径和希望。当前,中国已经出现了令人惊喜转型扩散,局部扩散将支撑迈入高收入国家,未来十五年,中国将通过中心城市带动的逐步实现局部到全面的升级。但人口、土地、外资、学习等红利变化,城市转型扩散面临停滞的风险。中国应当运用市场化改革创造制度红利、关键制度改革的激发人才红利,进而再创其他红利,以市场取向改革促进动力转化和转型扩散。

研究还发现,从区域关系看,中国进入城市区域荣衰的博弈期。当前及未来一段时间,中国区域经济正处在“南北分化”和“东中收敛”的博弈期,正处在衰退与繁荣犬牙交错较量中,并且衰退区域似有不断扩大的迹象。当前东部中心向中部已展示可喜扩展,中部崛起显示出区域从集中聚集向局部扩散的积极转变,未来中部成功转型将坚实支撑中国区域全面转型。但同时,南北分化加剧威胁区域转型东中扩散的进程,北方衰退似有向南方全面蔓延的危险。为此,中国应当实施“东中一体”战略,以“东中一体”应对“南北分化”。通过促进中部地区持续崛起和繁荣、加快筑牢中国高质量发展的长江防线,以及通过多个经济区一体化战略促使区域经济跳出全面衰退的危险期。

附录:

2018年中国城市竞争力指数及排名

城市经济竞争力排名可持续竞争力排名宜居城市竞争力排名营商城市竞争力排名
深圳0.667110.706040.707680.77574
香港0.559421.000011.000011.00001
上海0.419430.834430.7027120.83343
广州0.306240.676950.732450.74065
北京0.259250.846320.7025130.93402
苏州0.222460.6217100.6970170.648613
南京0.200070.666070.732260.71786
武汉0.195380.5722140.7005150.588422
台北0.18859————————————
东莞0.1840100.5194270.6197310.537129
无锡0.1825110.5401190.779820.610918
佛山0.1794120.4612360.6196320.518132
成都0.1549130.625090.6741210.668611
澳门0.1546140.627480.711970.650512
新北0.153115————————————
天津0.1528160.5514170.6067370.70358
厦门0.1481170.5966130.7041110.640915
常州0.1460180.4622350.6710220.514236
杭州0.1439190.674160.740830.70477
长沙0.1439200.5274220.7019140.537628
郑州0.1422210.5298210.5838430.593220
青岛0.1422220.6175110.6880200.688810
宁波0.1307230.5438180.707190.583024
重庆0.1298240.5713150.5380660.69369
中山0.1281250.3756610.5584550.521431
镇江0.1171260.4612370.7043100.522930
南通0.1160270.4566390.734240.593021
济南0.1155280.5602160.6921190.631117
珠海0.1118290.5262230.5740460.473647
合肥0.1084300.5098290.6098350.596919
泉州0.1070310.3899570.5688480.499641
西安0.1066320.5246250.5612510.633516
扬州0.1051330.4635330.5867400.514834
台中0.105134————————————
高雄0.104535————————————
福州0.1034360.4630340.6444280.502540
泰州0.1025370.3477760.5915380.405473
嘉兴0.0998380.4211470.5575570.475845
烟台0.0998390.5257240.6107340.586023
徐州0.0983400.3961540.39091260.484642
南昌0.0959410.4638320.6480270.477344
绍兴0.0939420.4177480.5454610.434559
淄博0.0939430.4663310.4707920.515433
石家庄0.0886440.3268970.35501500.475146
威海0.0879450.4483420.6388290.503939
贵阳0.0872460.3379850.5637500.405572
长春0.0869470.5167280.4775880.514635
台南0.086548————————————
温州0.0851490.4308440.5037800.511037
舟山0.0827500.5314200.6974160.419866
盐城0.0819510.3305920.4950820.395181
潍坊0.0804520.3734620.5419620.548626
沈阳0.0802530.5203260.6663230.570925
昆明0.0789540.4440430.6145330.477843
东营0.0787550.3957550.5462600.428662
济宁0.0787560.29861270.42491120.419865
汕头0.0784570.30261200.25142140.2499179
芜湖0.0781580.3772590.5688470.546827
台州0.0775590.32151030.44141060.414368
唐山0.0773600.31401090.4771890.472548
惠州0.0769610.4170490.4629950.430861
淮安0.0767620.3326890.5167770.406271
金华0.0763630.4091510.5262700.404874
廊坊0.0761640.32321020.42741100.2997131
宜昌0.0761650.4553400.5858410.399979
大连0.0761660.6014120.6959180.645314
哈尔滨0.0757670.4574380.5610520.461051
襄阳0.0752680.3552730.41621140.3125126
泰安0.0748690.3645670.5062780.396280
漳州0.0744700.3390820.5184760.361196
太原0.0733710.4847300.5795450.463550
南宁0.0724720.3951560.5396640.453452
许昌0.0712730.26571550.22882290.376688
莆田0.0712740.20222190.4947830.3313114
湖州0.0709750.3788580.5645490.424664
焦作0.0703760.32101050.34021620.2918143
洛阳0.0702770.3698640.38311340.416667
岳阳0.0699780.3418790.30931830.3175122
临沂0.0697790.29691310.41451150.464449
连云港0.0693800.26621540.38431330.400378
宿迁0.0687810.19422270.20022430.2926140
湘潭0.0686820.3572710.5226740.404775
德州0.0684830.23791810.08412800.2582169
聊城0.0683840.30731150.34481580.3426106
呼和浩特0.0682850.4306450.6227300.424963
海口0.0682860.4086520.5856420.508838
咸阳0.0674870.3634680.30311880.449353
常德0.0670880.3370860.30691840.3313115
枣庄0.0667890.18502390.31981800.3383110
沧州0.0667900.25251650.34381590.2887145
衡阳0.0664910.26731530.41401160.441057
株洲0.0664920.3381840.4960810.433460
鄂尔多斯0.0656930.3558720.6090360.3230119
遵义0.0656940.19052330.29031970.370493
包头0.0647950.30291190.6578240.3269118
揭阳0.0644960.16152540.15932620.2178214
茂名0.0644970.22222000.23952220.3176121
兰州0.0643980.3600690.4623960.373491
菏泽0.0639990.20452160.02722870.2797150
日照0.06381000.29411330.34871520.437158
鄂州0.06331010.23141860.32471780.2299199
保定0.06311020.29891260.18472480.411570
柳州0.06281030.31821060.38831290.2965134
滨州0.06271040.26361570.35591490.3317113
乌鲁木齐0.06261050.4061530.5389650.369294
湛江0.06241060.28191410.38611310.444255
德阳0.06191070.25721590.33161690.3366112
开封0.06111080.28341380.37621380.3292117
北海0.06101090.27471460.34781550.3113127
郴州0.06061100.24641720.30381860.2968133
南阳0.06061110.3353880.19902440.2497180
濮阳0.06051120.24151770.27172040.2186212
江门0.06051130.3460770.43521090.382285
周口0.06041140.17442480.12872690.1748244
新乡0.06041150.3400810.38101350.379886
银川0.06021160.4534410.5594530.411669
肇庆0.06001170.28841360.26802060.3404107
九江0.05991180.3300940.5338670.356098
马鞍山0.05971190.27921430.6525250.445354
蚌埠0.05901200.28211400.4685940.402977
宝鸡0.05891210.30591170.42561110.361695
毕节0.05861220.00352870.16052600.1620250
安阳0.05861230.24471730.27702030.2618165
宁德0.05851240.23631830.33851640.3477102
六盘水0.05841250.10412780.04742860.1545257
铜陵0.05841260.32321010.5206750.372292
赣州0.05831270.3285950.38561320.355599
信阳0.05831280.29981230.23712240.2584168
邯郸0.05811290.21222060.11652730.2684160
新余0.05761300.27161490.5485590.2423188
龙岩0.05761310.23441840.41251170.2040221
驻马店0.05761320.17612470.12412710.1871233
自贡0.05751330.27201480.35591480.1332266
漯河0.05721340.21772040.16372570.1966229
商丘0.05711350.16242530.14442660.2691157
孝感0.05691360.22202010.33401670.3454105
桂林0.05691370.3401800.4802870.2975132
三明0.05681380.26391560.4700930.2327196
黄石0.05681390.29701300.39251250.3500100
荆州0.05681400.31341100.34831530.2690158
宜春0.05671410.18172450.28592000.2462184
荆门0.05631420.28151420.44491040.2951135
上饶0.05611430.22931910.41111180.3212120
黄冈0.05611440.28331390.36311410.3460104
娄底0.05601450.12652670.17702530.2519177
绵阳0.05581460.3302930.5254720.403376
阳江0.05581470.12492680.21272400.1836237
益阳0.05571480.22391970.23482250.2198208
西宁0.05551490.28701370.44911000.2553174
南充0.05551500.25301640.35411510.3054129
鹤壁0.05541510.18272430.22572300.1500260
泸州0.05521520.27141500.32871720.2570171
萍乡0.05521530.18972350.36011440.2139216
宜宾0.05511540.19122320.17032560.2504178
内江0.05511550.14012630.24032210.2574170
滁州0.05481560.31111120.31021810.375089
邢台0.05461570.19252290.04962850.2351194
永州0.05461580.23941800.23712230.2289201
潮州0.05431590.25521620.17522550.1719247
邵阳0.05421600.20942090.20692420.2848148
衡水0.05411610.18832370.13722670.2591167
乌海0.05411620.19602240.4939840.1163277
十堰0.05411630.31731070.36431390.1843236
宿州0.05401640.16102550.14712650.2920142
南平0.05401650.22082030.34791540.1758243
玉林0.05381660.09552810.32571750.1587253
乐山0.05371670.27711450.25252130.2945136
吉安0.05371680.27851440.5060790.2537175
攀枝花0.05361690.18982340.5819440.2226206
眉山0.05361700.11872720.23352270.2049220
曲靖0.05341710.12292700.26692070.2689159
赤峰0.05321720.23121870.34561570.2385192
榆林0.05321730.18242440.32651740.2189210
咸宁0.05321740.21202070.28961980.2681161
阜阳0.05311750.18442400.17552540.2760155
怀化0.05301760.20722120.18082500.1893232
广安0.05301770.11422750.34321600.2435186
平顶山0.05291780.21552050.26972050.2764153
遂宁0.05281790.22761920.33871630.2658163
玉溪0.05251800.23111880.5250730.2150215
渭南0.05231810.18362420.21442370.2648164
鹰潭0.05221820.23101890.36031430.2569172
梧州0.05221830.22321980.28232010.2227205
通辽0.05221840.20512140.38681300.2331195
钦州0.05211850.19922210.37851370.3128125
汉中0.05211860.3261980.32551760.2463182
衢州0.05201870.30841140.4864860.2861147
三亚0.05201880.3365870.4533990.391084
铜仁0.05191890.18812380.23432260.1765242
淮北0.05181900.18442410.33381680.3494101
抚州0.05171910.22731930.44311050.2794151
丽水0.05151920.3539740.5584560.359697
达州0.05121930.12252710.09722780.2064218
宣城0.05101940.28841350.4614970.373590
辽源0.05101950.23311850.18002520.1605252
亳州0.05091960.15172580.15462630.2295200
景德镇0.05091970.3505750.5911390.2760154
安顺0.05091980.07412830.06612830.1242273
秦皇岛0.05091990.4118500.44611020.441756
百色0.05092000.19382280.25962110.1866235
韶关0.05082010.3309910.38951270.2925141
三门峡0.05082020.19732230.08182810.1740246
呼伦贝尔0.05082030.3270960.4760910.1994226
牡丹江0.05072040.3445780.5328680.2939137
安康0.05062050.24091780.34621560.2018224
清远0.05042060.24211760.32081790.2555173
防城港0.04992070.13422660.30291890.1788239
随州0.04982080.24881670.12612700.1294269
绥化0.04982090.17422490.29911910.1585254
安庆0.04972100.3653650.40831200.378787
汕尾0.04932110.16752500.11142760.2279202
松原0.04932120.23711820.16102590.2061219
淮南0.04892130.24091790.25902120.3065128
云浮0.04892140.13982640.24392180.1657249
张家口0.04892150.25621610.28861990.2700156
梅州0.04882160.32141040.36371400.2872146
贵港0.04882170.00002880.11412740.1294268
承德0.04872180.29091340.30021900.2658162
河源0.04852190.20722110.15132640.1557256
吉林0.04852200.3762600.40951190.3462103
商洛0.04852210.16352510.22282320.2192209
大庆0.04822220.3731630.6490260.3382111
六安0.04782230.24451740.24642160.3148124
崇左0.04752240.20982080.16302580.1918230
保山0.04742250.10552770.22042340.1291270
昭通0.04732260.03872850.08052820.0480286
临沧0.04702270.13492650.18032510.1298267
池州0.04692280.26751520.32751730.2817149
四平0.04692290.31061130.29121960.2782152
广元0.04682300.19422260.43891080.1676248
齐齐哈尔0.04672310.29811280.44831010.2449185
普洱0.04662320.22152020.22132330.1051280
石嘴山0.04662330.20612130.35931450.1452263
晋城0.04662340.3325900.32521770.2186213
乌兰察布0.04652350.18892360.33061710.1789238
黄山0.04632360.4221460.5539580.2608166
晋中0.04622370.30141220.39901240.2913144
运城0.04622380.25041660.21352380.2932139
天水0.04612390.19942200.24142190.1787240
资阳0.04602400.20242180.36241420.2420189
佳木斯0.04602410.3649660.38941280.2211207
张家界0.04582420.16002560.09462790.0526284
大同0.04582430.29911250.24582170.2424187
通化0.04562440.3388830.19742450.2251204
雅安0.04562450.22651940.4563980.2076217
阳泉0.04562460.19252300.33531660.2026222
巴中0.04532470.18132460.18862470.1784241
白山0.04532480.24851690.30521850.1345265
巴彦淖尔0.04532490.24371750.35901460.1534259
武威0.04492500.22281990.22302310.1566255
吴忠0.04482510.15542570.16012610.1060279
贺州0.04472520.10272790.20912410.1913231
忻州0.04452530.16282520.19632460.1870234
白城0.04432540.20902100.29391950.1472262
黑河0.04412550.24761700.35881470.2006225
庆阳0.04402560.14232620.30321870.1139278
河池0.04392570.22431960.25012150.2323197
朔州0.04392580.15082590.34111610.1970228
张掖0.04392590.24761710.40041220.0786283
定西0.04382600.10002800.13122680.1170276
陇南0.04372610.08302820.00002880.0376287
铜川0.04362620.12322690.29441940.1271271
丽江0.04362630.24871680.26432080.1181275
中卫0.04342640.20492150.21322390.2486181
来宾0.04342650.02582860.29731920.1743245
盘锦0.04322660.29641320.5315690.3383109
长治0.04322670.29761290.44521030.2372193
固原0.04302680.06512840.18122490.1228274
营口0.04282690.26951510.37981360.393783
临汾0.04272700.22951900.28042020.1983227
平凉0.04272710.14282610.26072100.0989282
酒泉0.04262720.30631160.4924850.2523176
白银0.04212730.10562760.23122280.1417264
葫芦岛0.04082740.11792730.11162750.2188211
伊春0.04082750.31431080.21762360.0520285
鸡西0.04082760.25501630.26282090.1025281
延安0.03992770.30201210.33791650.2271203
金昌0.03992780.22641950.5405630.1540258
锦州0.03942790.3581700.4762900.394382
嘉峪关0.03922800.25661600.5257710.2463183
鹤岗0.03902810.19462250.22042350.1255272
双鸭山0.03862820.27311470.33071700.1608251
阜新0.03862830.26011580.30951820.2413190
七台河0.03802840.11592740.10272770.0000288
朝阳0.03792850.20402170.05302840.2302198
克拉玛依0.03762860.30301180.5589540.1480261
丹东0.03692870.3260990.40461210.3396108
吕梁0.03682880.14692600.24032200.2021223
辽阳0.03502890.19882220.29441930.3002130
鞍山0.03412900.32371000.44061070.3174123
抚顺0.03382910.31191110.39931230.2938138
本溪0.03292920.29971240.42081130.3294116
铁岭0.03152930.19152310.11702720.2386191

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